Women in Extreme Sports


Women in Extreme Sports

Wakeboarder Dallas Friday

Figure 1. Wilder, T. (2019). 5 Most Badass Female Extreme Sports Athletes. Retrieved from https://adventuretribes.com/most-badass-female-extreme-sports-athletes/

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Department of English Language



Table of Contents

1. Introduction 1

2. Traditional Theory of Extreme Sports 1

3. Reversal Theory of Extreme Sports 2

4. History of Extreme Sports 2

5. Women in Extreme Sports 3

5.1 Skate Boarding 3

5.2 Snow Boarding 3

5.3 Freestyle Skiing 4

6. Factors Motivating Women in Extreme Sports 4

6.1 Money 4

6.2 Fame 4

6.3 Ego 5

6.4 Challenging Oneself 5

6.5 Behavioral Benefits 5

6.6 Parental and Coach Support 5

7. Challenges Facing Women in Extreme Sports 6

7.1 Half Payment 6

7.2 Representation 7

8. Conclusion 8

References 9

  1. Introduction

High-speed and high-risk games, also known as sports of movement or alternative sports, sports and pursuits. Skateboarding, freestyle skiing, snowboarding, roller skating, road lugging, BMX, and mountain biking are the sport’s most frequently performed by this category. Extreme sports typically exist beyond conventional sports and are famous for their adrenaline thrills

Primary sports, such as skateboarding, in-line roller, and BMX, also employ a broad spectrum of tricks across half-pipes (U-structures) and urban environments. It has embraced Punk and Fashion and emphasizes individual individuality (Brymer, & Mackenzie, 2017). In general, the word extreme sports is given to the X Games, a festival produced by ESPN’s cable television network in 1995. The X Games’ popularity has raised the profile of these sports and their economic viability. In the winter and Summer Olympics in 1996 and 1998, extreme snowboarding and mountain biking disciplines debuted.

  1. Traditional Theory of Extreme Sports

There are various traditional reasons why extreme sports are so common. The success of some is described as the urge to rise against an increasingly risky society. In contrast, others are concerned with the exposure and the commodities that are linked to organized sport (Apter, & Desselles, 2019). For some, it’s all about wanting to be part of subcultures and the glamor of extreme sports. There’s still a negative view about extreme participation in sports despite their popularity.

  1. Reversal Theory of Extreme Sports

In sports psychology, inversion theory considers that an athlete displays a dynamic, evolving, and contradictory conduct that, depending upon his sense and motivation, can and will alternate between psychological conditions from moment to moment.

According to reverse theory, motivational conditions exist in four pairs of alternate forms (called “motivational” states) these states combine in different ways to produce the entire spectrum of human actions and emotions at various times. Inversion theory considers that an athlete displays a dynamic, evolving, and contradictory conduct.

  1. History of Extreme Sports

The first major female skateboarding competition was held almost twenty years ago. The sport has been overwhelmingly male since the early stages of skateboarding. However, advocacy and enterprise were fundamental in tackling gender discrimination from the X Games’ skate park, both for girls and women, who are long overlooked in what is purported to be an advancing sport (Hlaciuc, 2017). Skateboard manufacturers such as Makaha and Hobie attempted to capitalize on the popularity of surfing by promoting skateboarding, then known as side surfing, as an option for diversions when there were no rideable waves in the early 1960s. In 1963, the first professional skateboarding team was created, and the first skateboarding competition was held in Hermosa, California. Competitions for slalom skateboarding and freestyle skating were included. Patti McGee was the first female professional skateboarder. She won the first women’s national championship in 1964. Skateboards’ success decreased in the next decade.

In the mid-1970s, developed revived skateboards after the rapid and more maneuverable polyurethane wheels and the kick tail was introduced, a raised back end of the board, which allowed kicks to turn! The first skate park opened in Florida in 1976, and since then, dozens more have opened across North America, Europe, and Asia, including a variety of paths and paved surfaces for south turns and stunts. At the time, riders started swimming in empty pools to test their “vertical” capacity. (Brymer, & Schweitzer, 2013). Half-pipes and U-shaped riding surfaces, which were originally used for air stunts, soon became the route for empty pots. Safety problems and the growing insurance costs of skate parks played an important role in sport’s second fall from its wide popularity. The notion of a female athlete became obscure and widely discouraged at the beginning of the 20th century.

  1. Women in Extreme Sports

High-octane and high-risk activities, also known as movement sports or alternative sports, sports, and pursuits. The most common sports in this category are skiing, freestyle skiing, snowboarding, in-line roller skating, street lugging and BMX, and mountain biking. (Hong, & Mangan, 2004). Extreme sports are known for their adrenaline rushes and usually occur outside of traditional sports. Extreme sports include acrobatic contests and racing on snowmobiles and motorcycles, as well as adventurous events such as skydiving and skyscraping.

5.1 Skate Boarding

Skiing as a specialized gym is considered one of them as such extreme sports with various competitions, including vertical and street activities. Vertical skating (also known as “vert”) involves aerial acrobatics in semi-pipes that were built to resemble empty ponds at first.

5.2 Snow Boarding

Main activities are on snowboard with their feet at the board and in its directions. Snowboarding is a unique kind of soul medicine for die-hard drivers and enthusiasts worldwide.

5.3 Freestyle Skiing

Winter sport of freestyle skiing, which combines skiing and acrobatics. Sport has put numerous practices to the test, but the sport’s international rivalry has two consistent events: aerial and mogul. Somersaults and other techniques were shown before 1914, and they became popular in the twentieth century. Aerial stunts (now known as aerials) were popularized in the 1950s, thanks to Olympian gold medalist Stein Erikson. There are two types: upright and inverted. Aerials Mogul Skiing was brought in shortly after to navigate the major bumps on the ski slopes known as moguls. The skier competes on a hill (22°–32°) course (200–270 m) and is judged on altitude, turning techniques, and two mandatory upright jumps.

  1. Factors Motivating Women in Extreme Sports

Since the Second Early Olympic Games in 1900, women have been involved in international sports. Of the 1066 competitors in these 1900 Olympic Games, only 12 of them were female. Until recently, women participated in as many Olympic competitions.

6.1 Money

In certain instances, only a handful of you can live out your favorite sport decently. In triathletes, for example, most are amateurs.

6.2 Fame

Most people have never heard of big wave surfer Ross Clarke Jones or world champion Chrissie Wellington. Fame is something flirtatious, something temporary. In that case, it will take just a century, and then you lost.

6.3 Ego

I believe you could say when it’s the case in the person of an athlete. Fortunately, if the ego is bloated enough, there’s only one thing that will happen if the sport you do is severe. Your ego will crush. Your ego will overcome. Or somebody gets better.

6.4 Challenging Oneself

Competition with and with each other brings the best out. I can play in every sport because of this definitive reason or inspiration. The biggest motivation for people to challenge themselves is self-improvement.

6.5 Behavioral Benefits

Women involved in sports at the elite level were suggested to feel stronger and more empowered. Sports participation might even positively affect reducing harmful conduct in health.

6.6 Parental and Coach Support

Research on the motivational effects of coaches, parents, and peers in young children found a significant impact on coaches and parents. Motivated by peers was not as powerful as the two other societal variables, but peers were strongly inspired by friendship, membership, community identity, and membership.

  1. Challenges Facing Women in Extreme Sports

The mere thought that a woman may equate to a man is an insult to humanity for many. After the World War, the world could have moved 3″ forward.

Lizzie Armanto - Professional skater

Figure 2. Wilder, T. (2019). 5 Most Badass Female Extreme Sports Athletes. Retrieved from https://adventuretribes.com/most-badass-female-extreme-sports-athletes/

7.1 Half Payment

Female athletes are less demanding in salaries because they get paid half of what males do, says CNN’s Kristie Lu Stout. Stout: There are significant gaps between male and female competitors’ income. In football, the men’s team gets paid around $33 million as much as the women’s team, she says.

7.2 Representation

Culture brands athletes as potential troublemakers for striving to the top, writes CNN’s Zain Verjee. Verjee: Dute Chand was the first Indian woman to run the 100m dash in the Olympics in 36 years. Sepp Blatter (who was the president of FIFA) has proposed that women should wear “feminine” clothing and footwear to add an aesthetic value to the sport. These famous female athletes have argued that being monitored by the media as they become famous is annoying. Many female athletes are forced to do another job or take a part-time job to practice.

Ashley Fiolek - Professional motocross racer

Figure 3. Wilder, T. (2019). 5 Most Badass Female Extreme Sports Athletes. Retrieved from https://adventuretribes.com/most-badass-female-extreme-sports-athletes/

  1. Conclusion

More women are achieving success in professional sports than ever before. Social media is the important in all of this, to a great extent; a similar to how “unsigned” music found an audience prior to today with the right exposure and the skill, women can go on their way. More so, extreme sports serve as the biggest motivation for women to challenge themselves resulting to self-improvement and empowerment.

This also plays a big role in reducing harmful conduct in their health making these women medically fit. However, underpaying women athletes is more challenging to women in sports since it discourages them, for men are more considered in the sports world than them. If their payment is considered I believe women in sports stand a better chance in future when it comes to extreme sports.



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